The Thirteenth Karmapa Dudul Dorje (1733 - 1797)
“With the great sun of vajra wisdom, you vanquish without remainder
The darkness of agitated mind,
Those forces that are the expressions of the degenerate age.
Düdül Dorje, we supplicate at your feet.”
—from Supplication To The Karmapas (full text)
In accordance with the prediction, the 13th Karmapa was born in Nyen Chawatrong in southern Tibet. Found by Tai Situpa Chökyi Jungney, the child was brought to Tsurphu. He was recognized at the age of four and enthroned by Goshir Gyaltsab Rinpoche.
From the age of eight, Karmapa received full transmission and teachings of the Kagyu lineage from his main guru, Tai Situpa. He also studied with many great masters of the Nyingma and Kagyu lineages of the time, such as Kathok Rigdzin Tsewang Norbu, Kagyu Trinley Shingta, Pawo Tsuklak Gawa, and others.
At one point the famous Jo-kang temple, home of the Jo-wo image, was threatened by rising flood waters. A prophecy from Guru Rinpoche had foreseen this and predicted that only the Karmapa could do something to stop it. Aware of the prophecy, the Lhasa authorities requested him to come. Unable to leave Tsurphu immediately, he resolved the problem by writing a special letter of blessing and invoking the compassion of Avalokitesvara. Later, when he was able to come to Lhasa, the thirteenth Karmapa offered a white scarf (kata) to the Jowo image, and it is said that the arms of the statue changed position to accept it and have been that way ever since. Dudul Dorjé was also asked to consecrate a distant monastery. Remaining at Tsurphu, he threw blessing grains in the air at the appropriate moment of the consecration ceremony. It is said that they were seen to shower down from the heavens at the monastery in question hundreds of kilometres away.
Düdul Dorje and Tai Situpa with Kathok Rigdzin Tsewang Norbu recognized the Shamarpa's reincarnation, Chödrup Gyatso, the younger brother of the fourth Panchen Lama, Palden Yeshe.
He passed into parinirvana and Situpa Pema Nyinchey became his spiritual heir. He left behind the detailed prediction letter and instructions on his next incarnation.
Mipham Chödrup Gyatso (1742-1793)
Mipam Chödrub Gyatso was born in Tashi Tse in Tsang region of Central Tibet as a younger brother of 6th Panchen Lama, Lobsang Palden Yeshe of Tashi Lhunpo. He was recognized and enthroned by the 13th Karmapa and the Situ Chökyi Jungne. He studied many years with Situ Chökyi Jungney as well as with Pawo Tsuklak Gawa and Rikdzin Tsewang Norbu and thus developed into a great scholar and meditation master. He went to Nepal in the 1780s, where he continued his bodhisattva activities of restoring the Swayambhu Stupa, a renowned pilgrimage site, and benefited many students in Nepal and Tibet. He passed away in Nepal, near the Boudhanath Stupa.
He gave the full transmission of the full Kagyu lineage to the Ninth Situ incarnation, Pema Nyinje Wangpo.
These details about Mipham Chödrup Gyatso are compiled from Karma Gyaltsen's book called kam tshang yab sras dang dpal spungs dgon pa, Szechwan edition, pp. 137-40. May this be virtuous!
Pema Nyinje Wangpo (1774-1853)
Pema Nyinche Wangpo was born in Yilhung in east Tibet in the Wood Horse year. The thirteenth Karmapa recognized him as the ninth incarnation of Situ Rinpoche, with assistance of Shamar Chödrup Gyatso, and Pawo Tsuklak Gawa. The Indian master Padmasambhava predicted this incarnation of Situpa. He studied and practiced with many masters and especially with his two principal teachers, the 13th Karmapa and the 10th Shamar. He became a great scholar and meditation master and his dharma activities flourished throughout the land. He established many retreat centers, where he taught and greatly inspired many to practice and teach the Kagyu meditation practices. It is recorded that he his collected writings filled three volumes.
He became the principal guru of the Fourteenth Karmapa and also Jamgon Kongtrul Lodro Thaye and gave full lineage transmission to the Fourteenth Karmapa, Thekchok Dorje.
These details about Pema Nyinje Wangpo are compiled from Karma Gyaltsen's book called kam tshang yab sras dang dpal spungs dgon pa, Szechwan edition, pp. 88-89. May this be virtuous!